Quantum Transport in Electronic Nanosystems

Workshop in memory of Albert Schmid and Arkady Aronov

September 20 – 24, 2009, Karlsruhe, Germany

Arkady Girshevich Aronov

1939 – 1994

Arkady Girshevich Aronov was born 26 July 1939 in Leningrad, USSR. He graduated from Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute in 1962, with specialization "electrophysics". In 1963 he entered the Graduate School of the Institute of Semiconductors of the Academy of Sciences of USSR and obtained in 1966 the degree Candidate of Sciences (analogue of Ph.D.), with a thesis on "Magnetic phenomena in crossed electric and magnetic fields", supervised by Prof. G.E.Pikus. After this he continued to work as a Junior Researcher in the Institute of Semiconductors and from 1972, when this institute merged with the A.F.Ioffe Physical and Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, in the Ioffe Institute. In 1974 Arkady Aronov changed to the B.P.Konstantinov Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute, where he received in 1977 the degree of Doctor of Sciences (analogous to German Dr.habil.) with a thesis on "Behavior of superconductors and polarized conductors under non-equilibrium conditions". The same year he got a position of Senior Researcher, and from 1986 of Leading Researcher. In December 1990 Arkady Aronov was elected a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In January 1991 he returned to the Ioffe Institute as Head of a theoretical physics unit. As a world-famous scientist, he obtained numerous invitations from leading institutes all over the world. In 1991 he was awarded the highly prestigious Humboldt Research Award of the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation and in 1994 the Professorship of the Wilhelm and Else Heraeus Foundation. This made possible numerous extended scientific visits of Aronov to the University of Karlsruhe, Germany, where he spent in total approximately two years in the period 1991-1994. At the same time he became an Associate Member of the Scientific Staff of the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy. He also spent extended periods of time at the Weizmann Institute of Sciences in Rehovot, Israel, which he joined as a Professor in May 1994. Just several months later, on 13 November 1994, Arkady Aronov passed away in Rehovot as a result of a heart attack.

Arkady Aronov was without any doubts one of most outstanding theoretical physicists of his time. He considered theoretical physics as a single whole and has contributed enormously to its development. The spectrum of his research activities is very broad; his particularly important achievements belong to the following areas:

  • optics of semiconductors
  • spin kinetics and spin-dependent transport phenomena in semiconductors and metals
  • non-equilibrium phenomena in superconductors
  • mesoscopic physics: quantum kinetic theory of disordered electronic structures; disorder, interaction, and quantum coherence phenomena

The highest recognition came to Aronov due to his works in the field of mesoscopic physics: he became a founding father of this new direction of contemporary physics. The importance of his contribution to the theory of the effects of electron-electron interaction and disorder in electronic transport at low temperatures can hardly be overestimated.

Arkady Aronov was a brilliant physicist with a unique research style that combined a superb command of complex theoretical approaches with an outstanding physical intuition. He was completely devoted to physics and worked with a lot of energy and enthusiasm until the last day of his life despite very serious health problems. He was also an exceptionally frank, open, friendly personality who had a lot of friends all over the world.

Many students of Arkady Aronov who received the Ph.D. under his supervision — E.L.Ivchenko, B.Z.Spivak, B.L.Altshuler, A.S.Ioselevich, A.V.Zyuzin, A.D.Mirlin — are at present professors and leading researchers in well known centers of theoretical physics in Russia, USA, and Germany.

The outstanding achievements of A.G.Aronov have brought him many prestigious prizes. Already in 1965 the works that constituted his Ph.D. Thesis were recognized with the A.F.Ioffe prize for young scientists of the Academy of Sciences of USSR. In 1991 he got the Alexander von Humboldt Award and in 1994 the Wilhelm and Else Hereaus Award. In 1993 Arkady Aronov was a recipient of the Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Award of the European Physical Society — the most prestigious European prize in physics — for pioneering theoretical work on coherent phenomena in disordered conductors.

A.G.Aronov authored about 120 scientific papers which represented a broad spectrum of research directions in theoretical physics. Fifteen years after his death, many of his works remain highly actual and are often cited in the literature. Below we list some of most important papers of Arkady Aronov that represent various directions of his research (with citation indices according to ISI Web of Science):

  • ARKADY G. ARONOV
    Oscillations of the optical absorption coefficient in crossed electric and magnetic fields
    Soviet Physics-Solid State 5, 402 (1963)
    [Fiz. Tverd. Tela. 5, 552 (1963)]
    Times cited: 89
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, VADIM L. GUREVICH
    Response theory of pure superconductors on slow changing perturbations
    Fizika Tverdogo Tela 16, 2656 (1974)
    [Sov. Phys. Solid State 16, 1722 (1975)]
    Times cited: 66
  • G. L. BIR, ARKADY G. ARONOV, G. E. PIKUS
    Spin relaxation of electrons scattered by holes
    Zhurnal Eksperimentaloi i Teoeticheskoi Fiziki 69, 1382, (1975)
    [Soviet Physics JETP 42, 705 (1975)]
    Times cited: 240
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV
    Spin injection in metals and polarization of nuclei
    JETP Letters 24, 32 (1976)
    [Pis'ma Zh. Eksp.Teor. Fiz. 24, 37 (1976)]
    Times cited: 118
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, G.E. PIKUS
    Spin injection into semiconductors
    Soviet Physics Semiconductors 10, 698 (1976)
    [Fiz. Tekh. Poluprov. 10, 1177 (1976)]
    Times cited: 106
  • BORIS. L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV
    Zero bias anomaly in tunnel resistance and electron-electron interaction
    Solid State Communications 30, 115 (1979)
    Times cited: 305
  • BORIS L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV, PATRICK A. LEE
    Interaction effects in disordered Fermi systems in 2 dimensions
    Physical Review Letters 44, 1288 (1980)
    Times cited: 808
  • BORIS L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV, BORIS Z. SPIVAK
    The Aharonov-Bohm effect in disordered conductors
    JETP Letters 33, 94 (1981)
    Times cited: 366
  • BORIS L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV, A. I. LARKIN, DIMA E. KHMELNITSKY
    On the anomalous magnitoresistance in semicondutors
    Zhurnal Eksperimentalnoi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki 81, 768 (1981)
    Times cited: 159
  • BORIS L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV, DIMA E. KHMELNITSKY
    Effects of electron-electron collisions with small energy transfers on quantum localization
    Journal of Physics C - Solid State Physics, 15, 7367 (1982)
    Times cited: 631
  • BORIS L. ALTSHULER, ARKADY G. ARONOV
    Electron-Electron interaction in disordered conductors
    in: ELECTRON-ELECTRON INTERACTION IN DISORDERED SYSTEMS, ed. by A.L.Efros and M.Pollak,
    Elsevier Science Publisher, 1985, pp.1-153.
    Times cited: 1257
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, Y. V. SHARVIN
    Magnetic-Flux effects in disordered conductors
    Review of Modern Physics 59, 755 (1987)
    Times cited: 238
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, S. HIKAM, A. I. LARKIN
    Zeeman effect on magnetoresistance in high-temperature superconductors
    Physical Review Letters, 62, 965 (1989)
    Times cited: 135
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, Y. B. LYANDA-GELLER
    Spin-orbit Berry phase in conducting rings
    Physical Review Letters, 70, 343 (1993)
    Times cited: 184
  • U. SIVAN, YOSEPH IMRY, ARKADY G. ARONOV
    Quasiparticle lifetime in a quantum dot
    Europhysics Letters 28, 115 (1994)
    Times cited: 99
  • ARKADY G. ARONOV, ALEXANDER D. MIRLIN, PETER WOELFLE
    Localization of charged quantum particles in a static random magnetic field
    Physical Review B 49, 16609 (1994)
    Times cited: 87